The main aim of the author was to research some of the most characteristic examples of abandoned synagogues and sites having similar problems in the past or present, and to demonstrate some solutions, which could be used in the case of the synagogue in Subotica, Serbia. Those examples have been chosen from the nearest region around Subotica within the perimeter of about 200 km (Novi Sad, Szeged, Kecskemét, Timisoara, and Budapest), because of their geographic position, shared historic, multi-confessional and multi-cultural background and similar urban and architectural development that shows the best model for analysis. Using the help and experiences of the analyzed case studies the author made a general evaluation system in a form of a table, and an analysis of the spatial implementation of a possible new purpose and offered some guidelines for the program for restoration and rehabilitation of the synagogue in Subotica, a building of an outstanding heritage value.
The book deals with the issues related to the role of small cities in the spatial structure of the country and increase of the awarness concerning significance of the city residential environment for the residents, who are more and more aware of their needs. Small cities within the eastern wall of the country have been given much attention, due to the necessity of conducting rehabilitation activities in their areas, aimed at improving residential environment quality.These examples include cities with high development capacity, yet lack of financial means. As a result, they are becoming more and more poor. Currently, the central zones of small cities want to throb with life, be attractive for tourists, create the image of representative space with spectacular architecture, easy access to the basic services and to numerous attractions. The problem lies in assessment of the possibilities and needs, as well as directions for activities.
The Black Sea is characterized by its large continental shelf, water stratification, lack of vertical mixing, highest H2S content of deep waters worldwide, strong freshwater input, increased levels of nutrients and detritus, weak water mass exchange with the Mediterranean Sea, large spatial and temporal variability of physical and chemical properties, about half salinities of those noticed in the world s ocean, slightly different composition of the ionic ratios. Poorer flora and fauna have been previously compensated by their high biological productivity. Relatively few alien species entered this particular environment. Up to the end of the fifth decade of the XXth century the Black Sea underwent major changes which contributed to a severe ecological disequilibrium. Considerable efforts have been devoted after 1990 for the rehabilitation of this still highly endangered sea. Within these joint contemporary concerns the continuous development of Romanian oceanography has enriched Black Sea research. Selected research and monitoring results regarding marine biology, ecology and radioactivity, history of oceanography, research and management programmes / projects are reviewed.
Beggars are commonly found in Public places of Nigerian cities. Following this observation, this study examined the spatial distribution of beggars in Osogbo, the Osun state capital. It was discovered tha street beggars are commonly found in commercial areas, road junctions and religious centres. The study also revealed that there is no significant correlation between street begging and physical disabilities. Beggars constitute serious economic, social and physical menace to the society as beggars contribute nothing to city's economy but rather constitute eyesores to passers-by,constituting visual pollutants, increasing land pollution and water pollution as they dispose indiscriminately on the road. It was therefore, recommended that begging activities should be proscribed in public places.Government should make it mandatory for all Local Government Areas in the state to provide a rehabilitation centre for the beggars. This should be supported by Non governmental Organisations
This study was conducted at Wallecha Watershed in the middle course of Bilate River Basin in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia with the main objective of assessing the patterns of spatial and temporal dynamics of LU/LC, their drivers and implications on SLM. The study area covered 10116ha, and had previously undergone substantial LU/LC changes. The changes in LU/LC which occurred between 1984 and 2010 were monitored by using the DPSIR framework in a context of GIS and RS. The Landsat images of 1984, 2000 and 2010 were used to produce three land cover maps of the respective years using GIS with field verification. Data collected from 145 sampled households, FGD, key informant interview and field observation were used to identify the underlying causes and in explaining LU/LC changes. Data from satellite imageries, coupled with field observation and socio-economic survey revealed an effective approach for analyzing the extent, rate, and spatial pattern of LU/LC change. Hence, the societal responses are highly encouraging but greater emphasis must be given to wise use and management practices, regulated population growth and integrated environmental rehabilitation programmes.
The Spring 2011 (vol. 13 no. 1) issue of the Nexus Network Journal features eight papers that resulted from the 2010 Nexus conference section on Shape and Shape Grammars. Guest editor Lionel March provides an introduction for the entire group. The papers were selected to spread themes as widely and representatively as possible. George Stiny provides a keynote paper with theoretical insights, while other papers range from pedagogical applications in the architectural studio to shape language and style in classical Chinese architecture, from shape grammars and descriptions used to ‘decode Alberti’, to their use as an aid to the rehabilitation of housing stock in Lisbon, from the creation of a design system involving a parametric shape grammar with descriptions to generate urban block layouts within a defined spatial region, to a novel example of a kinetic shape grammar simulating human body movements. Among the authors are George Stiny, Mine Özkar, Andrew Li, José Duarte, Rudi Stouffs, Mario Krüger, Filipe Coutinho, José Beirão Alexandra Paio, Benamy Turkienicz, Sara Eloy, Maria da Piedade Ferriera, Duarte Cabral de Mello, and others.
Salinity and sodicity-induced soil degradation is a major environmental constraint with severe negative impacts on agricultural productivity and sustainability of irrigated agriculture in arid, semi-arid and rift valley lowlands of Ethiopia. Identification of types of salt affected soils and determination of extent and spatial distribution, particularly in its early stage, is critically important to enable undertaking of appropriate measures accordingly. The study was conducted at Meki-Zeway irrigated farm areas during 2018-2019 with objective to investigate extent and spatial distribution of salt-affected soils. Following standard analytical method collected soil samples were analyzed for particle size distribution, pH, EC, CEC, The soils were classified into different salt-affected soils according to the standard guidelines. The spatial prediction and mapping was carried out in QGIS and ArcGIS environment. The study underlines the need for further research on rehabilitation of affected farms and preventive measures against further expansion of soil salinization and sodiciation.
Knowing the natural patterns and site demands of species is a good guide and can reveal the ecological characteristics of species to solve many problems in managing of forest lands, such as reforestation and rehabilitation of damaged areas. In this book, we analyzed the spatial patterns of three Quercus species (Quercus brantii, Q. infectoria and Q. libani) by univariate spatial analysis of trees and finding out the relationship between environmental characteristics and distribution of these studied oak species, at the less destroyed areas in the northern Zagros region of Iran.
During September 10-14, 1984, we held a Research Workshop at the Lake Arrowhead Conference Center, California, bringing togeth er leaders in the field of electronic spatial sensors for the blind from the psychology, engineering, and rehabilitation areas. Our goal was to engage these groups in discussion with one another about prospects for the future of electronic spatial sensing, in the light of emerging technologies and the increasing sophistica tion of behavioral research related to this field. The papers in this book give an update on several of the key research traditions in thi s fi e 1 d. Broader overvi ews are provi ded in the paper by Brabyn, and in our Historical Overview, Final Commentary and the Introductions to each section. In a field as complex as this, some overlap of discussion is desirable and the reader with a serious interest in this field is advised to sample several opinions. This volume, and the conference on which it is based, received assistance from many people and organizations. The Scientific Affai rs Divi sion of the North Atl antic Treaty Organization sup ported the conference as part of their program of Advanced Research Workshops, and the Science and Technology to Aid the Handicapped Program of the National Science Foundation provided additional major financial support. The Center for Social and Behavioral Sciences Research of the University of California, Riverside provided financial as well as major logistical support.